Pride and Prejudice
external image pride-and-prejudice.jpg
Written by: Jane Austen


Definitions

Pride- is a lofty and often arrogant assumption of superiority in some respect.
Some synomns are;
conceit, self-esteem, egotism, vanity

which all
imply an unduly favorable idea of one's own appearance, advantages, achievements, and often implement to offensive characteristics.
Conceit
implies an exaggerated estimate of one's own abilities or attainments, together with pride:blinded by conceit.
Self-esteem may imply an estimate of oneself that is higher than that held by others: a ridiculous self-esteem.
Egotism implies an excessive preoccupation with oneself or with one's own concerns, usually but not always accompanied by pride or conceit: His egotism blinded him to others' difficulties.

Vanity implies self-admiration and an excessive desire to be admired by others: His vanity was easily flattered.
andPrejudice- an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason.



Summary of the Novel (setting, plot, & conflict)
The setting takes place in Longbourn, England. The opening sentence of Pride and Prejudice states that "It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife" showing the importance of marriage during the 1800s. The arrival of Mr. Bingley and his fortune is what set everything in motion. He brings the prospect of a marriage of wealth and good connections for the Bennet family.The truth is that if you were a single woman, you must be in want of a husband preferably a weathly one. When Austen first introduces a character she only states their personality not so much about how they look so you can have your own perception of the character. Meryton's balls is where the couples of the entire novel meet Elizabeth Bennet and Mr. Darcy, and Mr. Bingley and Jane Bennet. The original title of Pride and Prejudice is First Impressions, showing how different these couples were to each other. Bingley and Jane had a easy going, and caring relationship but when obstacles came into place it broke them apart just for them to get back together again. As for Darcy and Elizabeth they had it rough from the beginning because of Darcy's snobbish ways she couldn't see him for who he really was but that changes later in the novel. This book is also about different ranks of society, and how treat others another character introduced is Sir William Lucas he didn't care so much about rank but had certain ways of snobbery. Darcy doesn't feel equal to her since he's higher in rank than she is, which what sets them apart. Charlotte Lucas is Jane's best friend, and she mentioned that if Jane doesn't show any more affection for Bingley it won't work out. Darcy took Jane's shyness as her not loving Bingley, her that wasn't the case she did love him. Also some women would marry not knowing much about their husband, because they believed it to be practical that way. Jane prefers to be romantically inclinged to someone than not love them at all, and know nothing of them. It's through conversation in this novel that relationships are revealed, when they don't speak to each other they judge without really knowing what's really going on. But there are characters like Miss. Bingley and Lady Catherine who are in higher ranks and everything has to revolve about them it's about what they want, and they also believe that they are greater than other just because they are well breed. The plot of the story is that when you have pride and prejudices towards a person it can blind you of all the amiable qualties the person might really have. Once Darcy and Elizabeth put aside all what they thought about each other they were able to find out that they were perfect for each other. That's why it's not good to think some way of person without really who they really are. The conflict is basically in the title, that's why i defined it early. Elizabeth has prejudice thoughts about Mr.Darcy and Mr. Darcy's pride is consuming him to the point he can't realize his true love for Elizabeth.

Character List
Elizabeth Bennet - Is the protagonist, and the second daughter of Mr. Bennet. Elizabeth is the most intelligent and sensible one compared to her five sisters. She likes to read and speaks her mind which often gets her in trouble from time to time. She realizes that Darcy truly is good for her, and her prejudice of him changes.

Fitzwilliam Darcy - Is a wealthy gentleman, and master of Pemberley. He is the nephew of Lady Catherine de Bourgh. He is also very intelligent and honest, but it's his pride that causes him to look down on people in lower social ranks or classes. During the novel, he is literally fighting with himself, because he knows being with Elizabeth is going against everything he has always known. But he learns how to admire and love Elizabeth for her strong character.

Jane Bennet - The oldest and most beautiful Bennet sister, is more reserved and gentler than Elizabeth. Jane and Bingley have a very easy going relationship which is the total opposite of Elizabeth and Darcy.

Charles Bingley – Bingley is the wealthy best friend of Darcy. He is a gentleman, kind, very easy going, and caring. When Bingley buys Netherfield, an estate near the Bennets, it set the entire book in motion. He also doesn’t care about social class differences.

Mr. Bennet – He is the head of the Bennet family, has good income but needs his five unmarried daughters to get married. Mr. Bennet is also very sarcastic, and has a cynical sense of humor. That he uses to purposefully irritate his wife, it’s really funny.

Mrs. Bennet - Mr. Bennet’s wife, a dramatic, noisy woman whose only goal in life is to see her daughters married. Since she’s low in class she sometimes displays uncalled behavior. The way she acts brings men away from her daughters, afraid that they will too be like their mother.

George Wickham – Is a handsome, fortune-hunting militia officer. Wickham’s good looks and charm attract Elizabeth instantly, but Darcy’s revelation about Wickham’s past shows her his true nature and draws her closer to Darcy.

Lydia Bennet – Is the youngest Bennet sister. She is gossipy, immature, and self absorbed. Lydia flings herself at guys and ends up running off with Wickham.

Mr. Collins - A pompous clergyman who is supposed to inherit Mr. Bennet’s property. He isn’t that high in social class, but he lets everyone know that Lady Catherine de Bourgh serves as his patroness. He is doesn’t he really have a nice personality; he is pretty much a snob.

Miss Bingley - Bingley’s sister, and she can’t stand the fact that Elizabeth is middle-class. She also attempts several times to get Darcy’s attention. But that only makes Darcy admire Elizabeth’s self-possessed character even more.

Lady Catherine de Bourgh – Is a rich, bossy noblewoman; Mr. Collins’s patron and Darcy’s aunt. Lady Catherine is the leader of class snobbery; she tries to keep Elizabeth away from Darcy.

Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner - Mrs. Bennet’s brother and his wife. The Gardiners are caring, and nurturing. They often prove to be better parents to the Bennet daughters than Mr. Bennet and his wife.

Charlotte Lucas - Elizabeth’s best friend. She is six years older than Elizabeth, and doesn’t view love as the most vital component of a marriage like Elizabeth. She is more interested in having a comfortable home. Mr. Collins proposed to her, and she accepts.

Georgiana Darcy - Darcy’s sister. She is extremely pretty and shy. She has great skill at playing the pianoforte.

Mary Bennet - The middle Bennet sister, loves to read books.

Catherine Bennet - The fourth Bennet sister. Like Lydia, she is girly and loves to be around the soldiers.




Biography


external image austen.gifJane Austen was born on December 16, 1775, at Steventon Rectory in Hampshire. She was the seventh child of a country clergyman her parent's names were George and Cassandra Austen. Austen was mainly educated at home, and truly benefited from her father’s vast array of books. Jane maintained a quiet life style, but was able to a have a deeper understanding of the outside world through her six brothers. Francis and Charles Austen were officiers in the Royal Navy, and served on ships around the world. They even saw the action in the Napoleonic Wars. Henry Austen was a clergyman as well as James, he was also an officer in the militia and later on a banker. Whenever Jane visited Henry in London she attended the theater, art exhibits, and social events as well as corrected proofs of her novels. She had a brother named Edward, he was adopted by wealthy cousins the Knights, becoming their heir and later took their name. When she did some extra traveling she would see her brother Edward along with her sister and got a taste of the good life, which is reflected in all of her fiction. Jane as a child wrote comic stories now refered as the Juvenilia. Her first written novels was when she was about 19, called Lady Susan written in a series of letters. In her early twenties Austen wrote the novels that later became Sense and Sensibility, first titled Elinor and Marianne and Pride and Prejudice originally titled First Impressions. Her father sent a letter offering the manuscript of First Impressions (now called Pride and Prejudice) to a publisher soon after it was finished in 1797, but his offer was rejected. Austen continued writing, and revising Elinor and Marianne (now Sense and Sensibility) and completing a novel called Susan (later known as Northanger Abbey). In 1803 Austen sold Susan for £10 to a publisher, who promised early publication, but the manuscript worn away in his records until it was repurchased a year before Austen’s death for the price the publisher had paid her. When Austen was 25 years old her father retired, and she and Cassandra moved with their parents to Bath residing first at 4 Sydney Place. During the five years she lived in Bath (1801-1806), Austen began one novel, The Watsons, which she never completed. After Mr. Austen’s death, Austen’s brothers contributed money to assist their sisters and widowed mother. Mrs. Austen and her daughter hired their close friend Martha Lloyd to help them around the house. Together they moved to Southampton in 1806 and economized by sharing a house with Frank and his family. In 1809 Edward provided the women a comfy cottage in the village of Chawton, near his Hampshire manor house. That was the beginning of Austen’s most productive period. In 1811, at the age of 35, Austen published Sense and Sensibility, which identified the author as a Lady. Pride and Prejudice followed in 1813, Mansfield Park in 1814, and Emma in 1815. The title page of each book referred to one or two of Austen’s earlier novels—capitalizing on her growing reputation—but did not provide her name. Austen began writing the novel that would be called Persuasion in 1815 and finished it the following year, by which time, however, her health was beginning to fail. The probable cause of her illness was Addison’s Disease. In 1816 Henry Austen repurchased the rights to Susan, which Austen revised and renamed Catherine. During a brief period of strength early in 1817, Austen began the fragment later called Sanditon, but by March she was too ill to work. On April 27 she wrote her will, naming Cassandra as her heir. In May she and Cassandra moved to 8 College Street in Winchester to be near her doctor. Austen died in the early hours of July 18, 1817, and a few days later she was buried in Winchester Cathedral. She was 41 years old. Austen’s gravestone that is visited by hundreds of admirers each year, doesn't even mention that she was an author. Persuasion and Northanger Abbey were published together in December 1817 with a Biographical Notice written by Henry, in which Jane Austen was, that was the first time in one of her novels, identified as the author of Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, Mansfield Park, and Emma.



Literary Devices


Personification-
"You mistake me, my dear I have a high respect for your nerves. They are my old friends. I have heard you mention them with consideration these twenty years at least."
"Don't keep coughing so, Kitty, for heaven's sake! Have a little compassion on my nerves. You tear them to pieces."




Literary Criticism
Susan Morgan
"Morgan argues that Austen’s works (her world, as it were) contain a sort of philosophical message, even if this message was not consciously put there by the author. The essence of this is about generalization and the relationship between the world of the mind and the physical world. Generalization is a means for characters to use social expectations and small observations to make broader predictions and expectations of behavior. The central generalization that is present is the one described by the opening line of the book."
"Elizabeth’s greatest strength is that she strives to look at the world from many points of view, and respond to them accordingly. This is not perfect, in that she always has levels of partiality, but it distinguishes her, in that she always seems to be engaged in figuring out what others are thinking or doing. Her weakness in the earlier part of the novel is that she does not take life seriously, and does not significantly value social status or her family’s financial situation. This gives way to some of her early indirectness and lack of willingness to commit herself to things (as opposed to Jane, who is eager to commit herself on very short notice). This changes toward the end, as Elizabeth matures and acquires a directness that she did not possess early on."


My Personal Review

I loved the book although I watched the movie before I read the book. The book definetly showed more information than the movie. I got to understand the characters better and the storyline. I also loved the fact that Austen didn't put an physical descriptions in the novel so that you picture the character the way you want to. Some of wording was difficult, because of the older english, but it was a overall great book.


Works Cited

Cover Browser. Web. 18 May 2010. <__http://www.coverbrowser.com/__>.

Dictionary.com | Find the Meanings and Definitions of Words at Dictionary.com. Web. 18 May 2010. <__http://dictionary.com__>.

"Pride and Prejudice -- Chapter 1." Pride and Prejudice. Vol. 1. 1-3. Austen.com | Jane Austen Novels, Fan Fiction and More. Web. 18 May 2010. <__http://www.austen.com/pride/vol1ch01.htm__>.

"SparkNotes: Pride and Prejudice: Plot Overview." SparkNotes: Today's Most Popular Study Guides. Web. 18 May 2010.
<__http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/pride/summary.html__>.

"Pride and Prejudice: Literary Criticism." Icosilune. Web. 18 May 2010. <__http://www.icosilune.com/2009/02/pride-and-prejudice-literary-criticism/__>.

"About Jane Austen." The Jane Austen Society of North America. Web. 18 May 2010. <__http://www.jasna.org/info/about_austen.html__>.